SPA PEDICURE 101 -
Course Hours: 2
Cosmetologists (C), Manicurists (M), Teachers (T)/Instructors (I)
This Course is Offered to Licensees in West Virginia
Note: *Please take the allotted time for this 2 hr. course
to read, reflect, and retain the information. After you read through your course for the allotted 2 hrs.,
you can take and submit your end-of-course exam at the bottom. Please include your name, license number and
contact information at the beginning of your end-of-course exam. At the end of your exam, please press the "Submit
Exam" button to submit your exam. We will then email your exam results and course completion certificate
within the same business day. If your exam is submitted after 7:00 p.m., we will email your results the next business
day. If you have any questions, please feel free to contact us at 919-672-4698, or email at SalonSpaTraining@aol.com. Thank you, and we hope you enjoy your Online Continuing Education
AFTER YOU REGISTER/PAY FOR YOUR COURSE, YOU MUST READ THIS COURSE FOR THE 2hr. REQUIREMENT. PLEASE
DO NOT SUBMIT YOUR END-OF-COURSE EXAM UNTIL 2hs. AFTER YOUR COURSE PAYMENT.
Dr. Terri Rowland
Spa Training Institute™ Contact Information:
- There is no passing grade for this 2hr. Online course. However, the course curriculum
must be read and there are three Modules (III) included in the course readings. You also are required to
take the end of course exam, and each question should be answered to receive a course completion certificate. Please
answer each question to the best of your ability. Upon completion, you may submit your exam online by pressing the
"Submit Exam button."
- Upon receiving your exam and payment confirmation, you
will receive your course completion certificate the same business day. If you submit your exam after 7:00 p.m., you
will receive your emailed results and completion certificate the next business day. If you have successfully submitted
the "submit" test button, please be assured that we have received your test - but please make sure you include
your name, license type, license number, and contact information at the beginning of your exam.
- This exam has a total of 20 multiple choice questions that derive from all course Modules (III). Please
read and choose one answer that best fits the question. When you answer the questions, just click the "drop down
button" and select your chosen answer by selecting "True" or "False".
please make sure you include your name, contact phone number, email address, your License type (C,M,) and License
number, and contact information at the beginning of your exam.
- You have 30 days
to complete this Online course.
(YOU MAY BEGIN (2 hrs./120 Min.)
MODULE I & COURSE INTRODUCTION (15Min. total)
COURSE INTRODUCTION (5 min.)
- To understand the overall difference between a
standard pedicure and a spa pedicure; and the client benefits of a spa pedicure as well.
discuss the aspects of anatomy and physiology, with topics including - cells, tissues, organs, and body systems.
- To emphasize the importance of sanitation and disinfection, and the proper pre-service set up.
- To highlight the post service, clean up, and sanitation procedures after the ultimate spa pedicure.
- To discuss the overall spa pedicure service, and how it can impact your spa business.
The pedicure is one of the most sought after services in the salon and spa environments today. This service
is requested by younger teens, baby boomers, senior adults, the younger generation, women and men, and universally
is a service that provides care of the feet, toes, and toenails. There are various types of general pedicures, depending
upon the salon environment, the client's preferences (such as polish or no polish), and the pedicure services the
cosmetologist or manicurist chooses to perform. Since the boom of the spas and spa-related services in the 1990s,
there have been pedicures that have received "upgrades" with a luxury touch. The standard pedicure can be
"upgraded" to a spa pedicure, and there are several factors that can give your spa pedicure a special signature
to your technique and your salon or spa's identity. Ultimately, this course will entail the followings modules:
The Three (3) Modules are as follows:
Module I: Definition of a Spa Pedicure: Standard Pedicure vs. The Spa Pedicure, and the
Client Benefits of a Spa Pedicure
Module II: Anatomy and Physiology
Module III: Sanitation & Pre-Service Set Up
Course Completion Requirements:
After reading the three modules, there
will be a test that will allow you to review, analyze and ascertain what you have learned in this course. This
test has 20 multiple choice questions, and you do not have to pass this test to complete this online/internet-based
course. However, you will be asked to complete each answer to the best of your ability.
MODULE I (10
DEFINITION OF A SPA PEDICURE:
THE STANDARD PEDICURE vs. THE SPA PEDICURE,
AND THE CLIENT BENEFITS OF A SPA PEDICURE
Definition of Spa Pedicure: The Standard Pedicure vs. The Spa Pedicure (7 min.)
- A. The Standard Pedicure
- 1. A pedicure performed by a licensed Manicurist or Cosmetologist
(both to be identified in the course oftentimes as the "pedicurist") involves professional care of the feet,
toes, and nails via cutting and shaping the toenails, polishing the toenails, and hand manipulations (i.e., foot massage)
applied to the feet.
- 2. Traditionally, a pedicure is performed with water, and this
may be accompanied with a foot bath/basin (small open tub that holds water); or a whirlpool tub, better known as a
"foot spa," that may produce vibrations, and whirlpool motions of water flow.
The general procedures of a standard pedicure include:
- a. Pre-service sanitation and
- b. Soaking the feet
- c. Caring for the toenails
(i.e., trimming, filing, cuticle removal)
- d. Skin service (i.e., sloughing and/or foot filing
[with a State approved file or buffer])
- e. Hand manipulation/foot massage
- f. And polishing the toenails if the client chooses to have polish.
- 4. The
standard pedicure lasts between 20-30 minutes, and pricing rates may vary depending upon several factors including:
expertise of the pedicurist; equipment used (such as the whirlpool foot spa); professional products used; U.S. geographic
location of the salon/spa & local cost of living. Therefore, standard pedicure pricing can be estimated between
$20.00 - $35.00.
- B. The Spa Pedicure
The spa pedicure is a more detailed pedicure experience that may take 45 -60 minutes. The spa pedicure may include
"add-on" services and from a beauty education perspective, the spa pedicure is often referred to as the "full
- 2. Add-on services that make a spa pedicure different from a
standard pedicure include the following "spa factors":
- a) Atmosphere
- b) Aromatherapy
- c) Time
- d) Paraffin
- e) Soaks, Scrubs, & Masks
- f) Hand Manipulations for Foot Massage
- g) Special Heel Treatments.
- 3. Additionally,
the cost of a spa pedicure is traditionally more than a standard pedicure and as mentioned before, the experience
of the pedicurist; products used; geographic location & cost of living; and the time it takes to complete the
spa pedicure service should be taken into consideration. Additionally, the type of facility may warrant higher prices
for the spa pedicure (such as an exclusive spa with privacy for the client). Therefore, the spa pedicure pricing can
be estimated between $40.00 - $65.00
Client Benefits of a Spa Pedicure (3 Min.)
- A. A spa pedicure
can be a very relaxing feeling for your client that boosts self esteem as well.
A spa pedicure can serve as a personal retreat for clients and can encourage a peaceful and relaxing atmosphere.
- C. The client will also know that s/he is experiencing an "upper-level" service that's different
from the norm. Oftentimes, when clients know that they are receiving something special, it makes them feel special
- D. The spa pedicure will also add to client benefits including - feeling pampered
beyond the basic pedicure service; feeling relaxed; having very well cared for feet that [should be] more moisturized
and exfoliated; and better overall grooming of the feet.
- E. Ultimately, if your client
is pleased, s/he will refer other persons to you for your pedicure service. Your spa pedicure client will take pride
in informing the public about your signature service, and they too will "take ownership" in being a part
of your growing pedicure client list. Ultimately, this will add to your client base and can boost your personal and/or
II (60 Min.)
ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY
Anatomy & Physiology (60 Min.)
(A & B
10 min. - Introduction, Cells, and Cell Growth)
- A. In Milady's Standard
Nail Technology (2004), there is a detailed description of anatomy, physiology, and skin disorders applicable to the
body, nails, and feet. It is appropriate for the licensed pedicurist to be well aware of the body and various functions
of the body. Although licensed cosmetologists and manicurists are not medical doctors, there is a level of professionalism
and judgment that has to be made regarding the care of one's feet. If there is something visually seen on the feet
and/or toenails that does not appear normal, the pedicurist has to make a decision upon whether or not to perform
a service - and to recommend that their client visit a medical professional for further consultation. Ultimately,
cells, tissues and organs are components of our bodies, and the following information highlights cells and cell growth
and various tissues and organs as well. Therefore, a brief overview of anatomy and physiology may give you some insight
upon how our bodies are made, and how they function. The beauty profession is a "touching profession" in
which beauty professionals see, touch and feel clients via cosmetology, manicuring, pedicuring, and esthetics-related
services. In turn, we get a first hand view of our clients' skin and visible discoveries may be helpful to your overall
- B. Cells and Cell Growth - Cells
are "the basic units of all living things" and the human body is made of cells which in turn produce tissues,
organs, and various systems in which the body functions. Cells can grow and even reproduce and replace cells during
their appropriate life cycle. However, if the body is not functioning properly, toxins in the body can impair the
overall health of cells. Therefore, cells must have ". . . an adequate supply of food, oxygen, and water . . . eliminate
waste products [and be] . . . maintained at the proper temperature."
of a Cell|
|Cited From www.cartage.org.lb |
- C. Tissues (10 Min.)- Represent groups of cells "of the same kind" that come together and they include:
Human Connective Tissues
|Cited From ScienceHelpDesk.com |
- 1. Connective Tissues - Bind and support
parts of the body such as: ligaments, cartilage, and fat tissues.
- 2. Muscular Tissues - Helps the body movement as they allow the body to move, contract, and expand.
- 3. Nerve Tissues - Nerve tissues are important because they help to coordinate
the cognitive, affective, and psychomotor functions of the brain and of the body. They most importantly carry messages
to the brain, which in turn signal the body's movement and overall function.
- 4. Epithelial Tissue - This tissue is located all over the body as it usually represents a covering of various
internal and external parts of the body such as: the skin, digestive organs, and various systems including the respiratory
system. Cells of the epithelial tissue are also packed very closely together.
- 5. Liquid Tissue - Transportation is a key word associated with liquid tissue, which involves carrying was products,
and food by the blood and lymph and the lymphatic system.
|Cited From EoEarth.org (Encyclopedia of Earth) |
- D. Organs (10 Min.) -
Cells help to create tissues, and tissues help to create organs. The structure of organs, in turn, helps the body
in different ways to function. The primary organs of the body include:
- 1. The Brain
- The brain directs our sensory, motor, and learning skills and is enclosed in the skull. The brain is also a core
of the central nervous system.
- 2. The Heart - The heart
is known for circulating the blood in the body, and it receives blood from the veins and pumps blood into the arteries.
The heart is 5 inches long and 3 ½ inches wide.
The Lungs - The lungs are known as respiratory organs and they ultimately supply oxygen to the blood.
- 4. The Liver - The liver is the largest glad in the body and is known for secreting
bile. The liver also aids in digestion as it removes toxic products to aid in the digestive process.
- 5. The Kidneys - The kidneys are known for excretion as they excrete water and
- 6. The Stomach and Intestines - The stomach
and intestines aid in the body's digestion of food.
|Cited FromUniverseReview.ca |
- E. Body Systems (10 Min.)- Cells help
to create tissues, tissues help to create organs, and organs help to create what is known as our body systems. In
order for the body to function, the body houses ten (10) systems that are crucial for our well being. These systems
- 1. The Integumentary System - Comprised of the dermis and epidermis skin layers.
This system is part of the largest organ of the body, the skin. It also has "sensory receptors" that aid
us with the feeling and touching senses. Regarding our body temperature, this system regulates our body temperature
- therefore, allowing us to feel hot, cold, warm, etc.
The Skeletal System - This system consists of our bones, cartilages, our joints, and helps to support our overall
bodies. Not only does this system serve as support to "hold up our bodies," it also helps to produce blood cells
and stores minerals in our bodies.
- 3. The Muscular
System - Without the muscular system, we could not move our bodies. This system covers our skeletons, and along with
the joints and cartilage allows us to have movement in our daily lives.
- 4. The Nervous System - When we think of our sensory motor and psychomotor skills, we oftentimes think of
the nervous system. The nervous system controls our responses, feelings, and works in concert with the brain and the
- 5. Circulatory System - Blood flow is important
for our everyday bodily functions. The circulatory system is responsible for the supply of the blood. This system
circulates blood and lymph, and works with blood, blood vessels, and lyphatics.
- 6. Endocrine System - This system represents " . . . the glands and parts of glands that produce endocrine
secretions, help to integrate and control bodily metabolic activity, and include especially the pituitary, thyroid,
parathyroids, adrenals, islets of Langerhans, ovaries, and testes (U.S. Department of Health and Human Services."
- 7. Excretory System - This system is responsible for waste elimination from the
body via excretion. Examples of excretion include urine and sweat.
- 8. Respiratory System - It is important for the body to receive oxygen, and the respiratory system allow
the body to do so by respiration. The nose, nasal passages, larynx, and trachea are key components of the respiratory
- 9. The Digestive System - Before food digests,
it must ingest (be taken into the body); it then digests, and then performs absorption. The digestive system performs
the aforementioned tasks and also, the cells use digested food in different parts of the body.
- 10. The Reproductive System - This system allows humans to reproduce via
- F. The Skeletal System
(10 Min.): A more in-depth perspective:
- a. This system is the framework of our bodies.
It helps us to walk, move, holds our bodily organs, and is the foundation of our bodies from a physical perspective.
- b. There are 206 bones that comprise our skeletal system.
Minerals are stored in this system including calcium, which aids in the overall health of the body.
Regarding our bone structure, osteocytes are bone cells that are connective tissues that are very hard.
- e. Periosteum represents connective tissues that cover the bones, and these tissues have cells that help to repair
- f. Haversian canals are canals within the bone structure that aid in nutrition
being received from arteries in the periosteum.
- g. Marrow in the bones are essential
for our bodies because it produces blood cells.
- h. Cartilage is a substance that is
a very tough flexible tissue. It is located at the end of joints and helps shape different parts of our bodies, such
as your ears and nose. It also helps support your bones via providing a cushion and aiding the bones to not rub together.
- i. A joint is where two or more bones meet together, and they are joined by ligaments. An example would be
where the knee meets or the hip meets.
- j. Ligaments [again] support bones and cartilages
and they support organs as well.
- k. The Spa Pedicure and Bones: Bones of the Leg and
- 1) Concerning the leg, the primary bones include the femur, the tibia, the fibula,
and the patella. The femur is a long bone that connects the hip and the knee. The tibia is and fibula are located
between the knee and the ankle and the tibia is the larger bone and the fibula is the smaller bone. The patella represents
the knee cap and is located between the femur, tibia and fibula.
|Bones of the Foot|
|Cited From Southwest-ortho.com |
- 2) Concerning the ankles and
feet: the talus, tarsal bones, metatarsal bones, and the phalanges collectively represent our ankle bone and bones
of the feet. There are 26 bones in the foot and, three joints actually comprise our ankle, including the tibia and
fibula, and the sole "ankle bone" known as the talus. The talus then joins the tarsal and metatarsal
bones in which the seven (7) tarsal bones: are directly connected to the talus, and they include the: talus, calcaneous,
navicular, three cuneiform bones, and the cuboid. The tarsal bones are then connected to the metatarsal bones; and
the metatarsal bones are collected to the phalanges - which represent toes. There are also 14 bones in the phalanges
portion of our feet.
- G. Hand Manipulation, Massage,
and Muscles in the Foot (10 Min.) - muscles in our feet and legs help to support everyday movements. Muscles cover
our bones and they also shape the skeleton of the body as well. As a pedicurist, you need to be aware of the muscles
in the feet and you should have a general understanding of the muscular system. Although the Pedicurist license is
not the same as a Massage Therapist's license, there are still "hand manipulations" that can be implemented
during the pedicuring procedure. Various types of hand manipulations will be further explored in the "Spa Factors"
section of this course.
The entire muscular system represents over 500 muscles, and
the three types of muscular tissue includes:
- a) striated muscles (voluntary movement, such
as in the arms and legs);
- b) non-striated muscles (involuntary movement, such as the
stomach); and the
- c) cardiac muscle (which is the heart muscle).
- d) The foot also contains the primary muscles including the extensor digitorum brevis; the flexor digitorum
brevis; and the abductor hallucis, and the abductor. Overall, these muscles aid in foot movement, toe movement, and
they also assist with balance and our psychomotor skills.
of the Feet|
|Cited from Comcast.net |
MODULE III (45 Min.)
SANITATION AND PRE-SERVICE SET UP
IV: Sanitation and Pre-Service Set Up (45 Min.)
(Sanitation, Contamination, Pathogens, Decontamination MSDS 25 Min.)
- A. Sanitation is very important in a salon setting. State Boards and regulatory agencies are very stringent
on making certain that professionals in the beauty industry use precaution in regard to cleanliness and sanitary salon
and spa environments. It is an overall goal of making sure that there is control of contamination upon all levels
in the salon setting.
- B. Contamination- Ultimately, if something is soiled, tainted,
or infected - it can be considered contaminated. Therefore, decontamination is imperative for a safe, healthy salon
and concerning pedicures - it is important to make certain that foot baths and whirlpool tubs are decontaminated.
- C. Pathogens - are disease-causing microorganisms that cause contamination. In order to control pathogens, surfaces
(living or non-living) and implements must be decontaminated.
- D. Three types of decontamination
- There are three (3) types of decontamination which include sterilization, disinfection, and sanitation.
- 1. Sterilization - This is the very highest level of decontamination, and it is mostly associated with hospital-grade
decontamination. The sterilization process destroys all living organisms related to a surface or an object. However,
the chemicals, products, and processes utilized in sterilization are not appropriate for salon settings. They are
not appropriate because there are dangers involved and the chemicals could damage skin, the toenail plate, could cause
harm to your eyes, and the like. Therefore, sterilization is [again] not appropriate for the salon and spa settings.
- 2. Disinfection -
- a. This process is the second highest level of decontamination,
because it controls microorganisms that grow on various implements used in the salon setting such as: metal cuticle
pushers and toenail clippers. These items are known as "non-living surfaces" and for a pedicure, they are
utilized quite regularly. The chemical products used in disinfection often have strong chemical properties and need
to be used safely. Therefore, you must follow safety rules documented by the manufacturer of the disinfectant product
(further discussion regarding the manufacturer's Material Safety Data Sheet will follow [MSDS]).
- b. In the salon setting, the disinfection: of bacteria, viruses, and fungus are crucial. Therefore, EPA registered,
hospital-level disinfection is used to disinfect by killing bactericides, viricides, and fungicides. The EPA stands
for the United States Environmental Protection Agency, and their primary mission is to: ". . . protect human
health and the environment . . ." and to ". . . lead the nation's environmental science, research, education
and assessment efforts." Concerning the spa pedicure, particularly in footbaths and whirlpool tubs, disinfection
is key for the overall health and safety of the ultimate spa pedicure client, the pedicurist, the salon equipment
and tools, and the salon overall.
- 3. Sanitation - This is the lowest level of decontamination
in the salon setting, however, it is still very important. Sanitation can help to reduce pathogens on living and non-living
surfaces such as your hands (living) and your salon floor (non-living). If you are using an antiseptic on your hands,
that is an example of sanitation. If you are washing your towels and linens, that is a form of sanitation (as long
as the water temperature is appropriate according to State Board regulatory standards). If you are sweeping the floor,
that is a form of sanitation. Therefore, sanitation is important as well and can oftentimes be associated with the
daily cleaning routine of a salon.
- E. The Importance
of Material Safety Data Sheets, Blood Spills, and Foot Spa Sanitation
- 1. Material Safety
Data Sheets (MSDS)
- a. Material Safety Data Sheets are required by the U.S. Occupational Safety
and Health Administration (OSHA), and the following information should be included, which highlights the product,
the contents, or the product, and how the product should be handled in the workplace setting (direct exert from OSHA):
- § Identification
- § Hazard(s) identification
Composition/information on ingredients
- § First-aid measures
- § Accidental release measures
Handling and storage
- § Exposure controls/personal protection
- § Physical and chemical properties
- § Stability and reactivity
- § Toxicological information
- § Ecological information
- § Disposal considerations
- § Transport information
- § Regulatory information
- § Other information
- b. Salons and Spas should also create a MSDS book, which includes a listing
of all disinfectants and salon-based products that require an MSDS. This book will serve as a central resource, in
which all employees and/or independent contractors can have access. It is also appropriate for all persons working
at a salon or spa to review and discuss the MSDS book as well. This can help with preventative measures regarding
accidents that can happen with various chemical products.
(Blood Spills Procedure
and Foot Spa Sanitation 20 Min.)
- 2. Blood Spills - There may be an instance
where a blood spill may occur within the salon setting. With spa pedicures, the spill may occur from a filing technique
on the toe nails, or from a cuticle procedure that might cut the cuticle. According the National Interstate Council
of State Boards of Cosmetology, there is an "NIC Health and Safety Standards Blood Spill Procedure", and
below is a copy of their official handout which is available at www.nictesting.org/testing.htm (revised 01/07):
NIC HEALTH AND SAFETY STANDARDS
BLOOD SPILL PROCEDURE
If a blood spill should occur, the following steps MUST be followed:
- SUPPLY INJURED PARTY WITH LIQUID STYPTIC/ANTISEPTIC AND THE APPROPRIATE DRESSING
TO COVER THE INJURY.
- DOUBLE BAG ALL BLOOD-SOILED (CONTAMINATED) ARTICLES AND
LABEL WITH RED OR ORANGE BIOHAZARD WARNING. This is the responsibility of the candidate and should be executed
PEDICURIST'S INJURY -
PROTECTION - If a cut is sustained, stop the service and clean the injured area.
•2. APPLY antiseptic and/or liquid
or spray styptic as appropriate (see NOTE).
- cover the injury with the appropriate dressing.
COVER injured area with finger guard or glove as appropriate.
•5. CLEAN model/client and station
BAG and dispose of all contaminated objects. Clean hands with antimicrobial cleanser.
•7. RETURN to service.
CLIENT INJURY -
hands of candidate/student/licensee.
CLEAN injured area as appropriate.
APPLY antiseptic and/or liquid or spray styptic as appropriate (see NOTE).
•5. COVER the injury with the appropriate
dressing to prevent further blood exposure.
DOUBLE BAG and dispose of all contaminated objects. Clean hands with antimicrobial
- EXAMINER IS TO USE UNUSED DISPOSABLE LATEX GLOVES OR NON-ALLERGENIC EQUIVALENT WHEN CHECKING THAT CANDIDATE'S
SERVICE. DOUBLE BAG AND DISPOSE USED GLOVES.
- FOLLOW WITH ANTIMICROBIAL
SCRUB ON HANDS.
- DOCUMENT INCIDENT IN BLOOD SPILL LOG.
NOTE: DO NOT
ALLOW CONTAINERS, BRUSHES, NOZZLES OR LIQUID STYPTIC TO TOUCH THE SKIN OR CONTACT THE WOUND. USE AN APPLICATOR.
EXAMINERS SHOULD ALSO COMPLETE AN INCIDENT REPORT.
1 All tools and implements, EXCEPT THOSE
THAT HAVE COME IN CONTACT WITH BLOOD OR BODY FLUIDS must be disinfected, at minimum, by complete immersion
in an EPA registered, bactericidal, virucidal, fungicidal, and pseudomonacidal (Formulated for Hospitals)
disinfectant that is mixed and used according to the manufacturer's directions.
2 All tools and implements WHICH HAVE COME IN CONTACT WITH BLOOD OR BODY FLUIDS
must be disinfected, at minimum, by complete immersion in an
disinfectant that is effective against HIV-1 and human Hepatitis B Virus
Tuberculocidal that is mixed and used according to the manufacturer's directions.
DRY STORAGE STANDARD
Disinfected implements must be stored in a disinfected, dry, covered
container and be isolated from contaminants.
Soap is recommended)
Thoroughly wash hands and the exposed portions of arms with antibacterial
soap and water before providing services to each client and after smoking,
drinking, eating, and using the restroom.
- 3. FootSpa
Sanitation - Footspas are used widely in the pedicuring process; however, there are rules and regulations that must
follow to maintain proper disinfection and safety. This Online Course is for licensees in Ohio- and below, is
a sample footspa sanitation procedure, according to the North Carolina State Board of Cosmetic Art Examiners. Please
follow the Ohio State Board sanitation rules. The information below is for reference purposes only.
21 NCAC 14H .0120 FOOTSPA
Manicurists and Cosmetologists shall use the following disinfection procedures
to ensure proper cleaning and maintenance of any foot spa equipment and to prevent bacterial infection:
- Between each customer a manicurist or cosmetologist shall:
- (1) drain all water
and remove all debris from the foot spa;
- (2) clean and scrub the surfaces and walls
of the foot spas with a scrub-brush and soap or detergent and rinse with clean, clear water; and
- (3) disinfect with an EPA registered, hospital/pseudomonacidal (bactericidal, virucidal, and fungicidal)
and tuberculocidal disinfectant, used according to the manufacturer's instructions.
the end of the day a manicurist or cosmetologist shall:
- (1) remove the screen. All debris
trapped behind the screen of each foot spa shall be removed, and the screen and the inlet shall be washed with soap
or detergent and water;
- (2) before replacing the screen wash the screen with a chlorine
bleach solution of one part bleach to 10 parts water, or totally immerse the screen in an EPA registered disinfectant;
- (3) fill the foot spa tub with five gallons of water and four cups of five per cent
bleach solution; or
- (4) disinfect with an EPA registered, hospital/pseudomonacidal (bactericidal,
virucidal, and fungicidal) and tuberculocidal disinfectant, used according to the manufacturer's instructions;
- (5) circulate the solution through the foot spa system for no less than 10 minutes;
- (6) let the solution sit overnight (at least six hours);
- (7) drain and flush
the system the following morning; and
- (8) make a record of the date/time of this cleaning and
disinfecting, on a form provided by the Board. The record for the last 90 days shall be accessible upon client or
Board inspector request.
Spa Pedicure Equipment, Supplies, and Set Up Needed (20 Min.):
According to Mix (2004), the pedicure set up is similar to the manicure set
up, whereas you need proper nail technology tools and implements. Ultimately, you will need (1) pedicure supplies,
(2) equipment & tools, (3) implements, (4) materials, and (5) cosmetics.
Pedicure supplies include:
Station - the station includes furniture items that will make the client and the pedicurist comfortable during the
spa pedicure process. The station will have to include:
- A chair and footrest for the
client, in which (1) the chair should have proper armrests, and (2) the footrest should allow the client to prop her/his
feet during the spa pedicure. The footrest should also be covered with a clean towel, for sanitary purposes. This towel
will allow protection between the clients' feet and the surface of the footrest during the spa pedicure. Some pedicuring
stations are "all in one" where the chair, pedicuring footbath, and the foot rest are built in together.
- A chair or low stool for the pedicurist is also required. There are manufactures of pedicure furniture that can include
the low stool/chair and footrest within the same unit.
- Foot Spa - A foot bath/basin,
whirlpool tub, or foot spa is needed to provide the spa pedicure service. For the remainder of this course, the items
that will hold water during the spa pedicure service will now be referred to as a "foot spa." The foot spa
has to be used with warm water and a liquid soap solution for the client's foot soak. Additionally, the foot spa must
have enough depth to cover the client's feet with water.
- Foot file for removing dry
skin - Depending upon the State Board of Cosmetology, you have to use the board-approved foot file for removing callus
growth on the feet. This foot file may be an abrasive sanding file that is similar to a nail file with a grit surface,
or it may be a metal file that can be disinfected after pedicure uses. Please follow your State Cosmetology Board
rule for the use of callus shavers (many States do not allow the use of callus shavers).
clippers - Make certain that your toenail clippers are disinfected between each pedicure use. It is also good to have
two or more toenails clippers, along with other metal implements that can be sanitized and disinfected ahead of time.
This will help with you with not only sanitation, but will prove valuable for your time as you can have disinfected
implements readily available for your next spa pedicure.
- Anticeptic foot spray - This
is appropriate for sanitation and the client and pedicurist's safety. This spray should be a commercial product manufactured
that documents that it is "antifungal" and is also a mild antiseptic.
- Liquid Soap
- As mentioned previously, the foot spa has to be used with warm water and a liquid soap solution for the client's
foot soak. There should also be some type of antifungal solution in the liquid soap/foot soak, which will serve
a purpose of reducing bacteria (antibacterial). There are also professional line foot soaks, that aid in loosening
up the callus build up on the feet as well. (Liquid Soap is also mentioned in the "cosmetics" section below.)
- Foot creams for hand manipulation & foot massage and powders for keeping feet dry after the spa pedicure service
are also recommended. However, added products for the ultimate spa pedicure will be explained further in "The
Spa Factors" section of this course. (Foot creams and powders are also mentioned in the "cosmetics"
- Lastly, pedicure slippers are recommended, especially if the spa pedicure client
would like to let polish dry. If your client does not have open toe shoes, these slippers are ideal and they give
your client a feeling that you are being considerate of their needs - and that you provide a "classy pedicure
experience" from the beginning to the end.
items below are required for the pedicure set up, and the "spa factor" add-on service equipment, implements,
and materials will be discussed further in the course.
Manicure Table with Adjustable Lamp (will be used to accompany the ultimate spa pedicure)
Client's Foot Cushion
Sanitized Work Container
Electric Pedicure Nail
*Denotes spa factor/spa add-on item
Implements (must be discarded after use or properly sanitized
Toenail clipper (repeated
for instructional purposes)
Metal Nail File (if
Materials (usable one  time only):
Disposable towels or cloth towels
Cotton Balls/Cotton Pads
spa factor/spa add-on item
- G. Cosmetics &
Additional Supplies Used for the Spa Pedicure
In order to beautify the toenails
and moisturize the feet, various "nail cosmetics" will be needed. It is also important to note that
your clients may have allergies, and you definitely want to make sure that you know the contents, how to use, and
apply the nail cosmetics. These items include:
Cuticle Solvent and/or Cuticle Remover
Nail Dry (liquid and/or aerosol)
Foot Cream and/or Lotion
*Aromatherapy Essential Oils
*Foot Massage Oil
*Denotes spa factor/spa add-on item
table must be cleaned with a State Board-approved sanitizer. This table can be a formal manicure table, or it can
be the top [table of a pedicure cart as well.
- Wrap clients pedicure cushion with a
clean towel, or place clean towel on top of cushion.
- Disinfection container - After
washing and drying your metal implements, you must soak them in an approved State Board disinfectant at least 20 minutes
before your first pedicure.
- All cosmetics (excluding polish) should be placed
behind the disinfection container.
- Emery boards should be place on the right side of
the table (if left-handed, on the left).
- Nail brush.
disposable/trash bag - attached to the side of the table on the right side if right-handed and the left side if left-handed.
- Note: *The nail drawer can be used for storage of nail cosmetics, materials, implements, and equipment. However,
there can be no un-sanitized or non-disinfected materials in the drawer.
- Note: If the
pedicurist has a custom pedicure caddy or cart, s/he can use the cart to house the same tools, supplies, and implements.
The cart set up should include the same sanitation rules as a manicuring table.
END OF COURSE. Please scroll down below
where you can take your end-of-course exam.
Bardley, C. (1999). Secrets of the Spas: Lotions, Potions, Oils, Rubs, Wraps,
Scrubs, Masks, and Cuisine. Black Dog & Leventhal Publishers, Inc. New York, NY.
Bloodborne Pathogens (2005). American Safety and Health Institute. Holiday, FL.
J. (2004). Aromatherapy, Chapter 13 in - Milady's Standard Nail Technology. Delmar Learning. Clifton Park, NY.
Mix, G. (2004). Anatomy and Physiology, Chapter 6 in - Milady's Standard Nail Technology. Delmar Learning.
Clifton Park, NY.
Mix, G. (2004). The Nail and its Disorders, Chapter 7 in - Milady's
Standard Nail Technology. Delmar Learning. Clifton Park, NY.
Mix, L. (2004). Pedicuring
Chapter 11 in - Milady's Standard Nail Technology. Delmar Learning. Clifton Park, NY.
R. (2004). Sanitation and Disinfection, Chapter 3 in - Milady's Standard Nail Technology. Delmar Learning. Clifton
Moran, R. (2004). Safety in the Salon, Chapter 4 in - Milady's Standard Nail Technology.
Delmar Learning. Clifton Park, NY.
NIC Health and Safety Blood Spill Procedure (2002).
National Interstate Council of State Boards of Cosmetology. Little Rock, AR.
State Board of Cosmetology (2009). Grove City, Ohio.
Schultes, S. (2004). Editor, Milady's
Standard Nail Technology. Delmar Learning. Clifton Park, NY.
WEB CITATIONS USED
END OF COURSE EXAM
- There is no passing grade for this 2-hr. Online
course. However, the course curriculum must be read and there are three Modules (I-III) included in the course
readings. You also are required to take the end of course exam, and each question should be answered to receive
a course completion certificate. Please answer each question to the best of your ability. Upon completion, you may
submit your exam online by using the "Submit Exam" button. After you submit your online exam, we should
receive your exam. If you submit your exam before 7:00 p.m. EST, we will email your exam results and certificates the
same business day. If you submit your exam after 7:00 p.m. EST, we will email your results and certificate the next
- This exam has a total of 20 multiple choice questions that derive from all
course Modules (I-III). Please read and choose one answer that best fits the question. When you answer the questions,
just click the "drop down button" and select your chosen answer by selecting "True" or "False".
- Please make sure you include your name, contact phone number, email
address, your License type, and License number (on the form) at the beginning of your end-of-course exam.