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THE ULTIMATE SPA PEDICURE 101 -

West Virginia

Course Hours: 2

Eligibility: Cosmetologists (C), Manicurists (M), Teachers (T)/Instructors (I)

This Course is Offered to Licensees in West Virginia

Note: *Please take the allotted time for this 2 hr. course to read, reflect, and retain the information.  After you read through your course for the allotted 2 hrs., you can take and submit your end-of-course exam at the bottom.  Please include your name, license number and contact information at the beginning of your end-of-course exam. At the end of your exam, please press the "Submit Exam" button to submit your exam.  We will then email your exam results and course completion certificate within the same business day. If your exam is submitted after 7:00 p.m., we will email your results the next business day. If you have any questions, please feel free to contact us at 919-672-4698, or email at SalonSpaTraining@aol.comThank you, and we hope you enjoy your Online Continuing Education course!).

*NOTE: AFTER YOU REGISTER/PAY FOR YOUR COURSE, YOU MUST READ THIS COURSE FOR THE 2hr. REQUIREMENT. PLEASE DO NOT SUBMIT YOUR END-OF-COURSE EXAM UNTIL 2hs. AFTER YOUR COURSE PAYMENT. 

CE Provider/Curriculum Developer/CE Instructor:

Dr. Terri Rowland

Salon Spa Training Institute™ Contact Information:

Course Instructions:

  • There is no passing grade for this 2hr. Online course. However, the course curriculum must be read and there are three Modules (III) included in the course readings.  You also are required to take the end of course exam, and each question should be answered to receive a course completion certificate. Please answer each question to the best of your ability. Upon completion, you may submit your exam online by pressing the "Submit Exam button."
  • Upon receiving your exam and payment confirmation, you will receive your course completion certificate the same business day. If you submit your exam after 7:00 p.m., you will receive your emailed results and completion certificate the next business day. If you have successfully submitted the "submit" test button, please be assured that we have received your test - but please make sure you include your name, license type, license number, and contact information at the beginning of your exam.
  • This exam has a total of 20 multiple choice questions that derive from all course Modules (III). Please read and choose one answer that best fits the question. When you answer the questions, just click the "drop down button" and select your chosen answer by selecting "True" or "False".
  • Again, please make sure you include your name, contact phone number, email address, your License type (C,M,) and License number, and contact information at the beginning of your exam.
  • You have 30 days to complete this Online course.

 

                        (YOU MAY BEGIN (2 hrs./120 Min.)

MODULE I & COURSE INTRODUCTION (15Min. total)

COURSE INTRODUCTION (5 min.) 

Course Objectives:

  • To understand the overall difference between a standard pedicure and a spa pedicure; and the client benefits of a spa pedicure as well.
  • To discuss the aspects of anatomy and physiology, with topics including - cells, tissues, organs, and body systems.
  • To emphasize the importance of sanitation and disinfection, and the proper pre-service set up.
  • To highlight the post service, clean up, and sanitation procedures after the ultimate spa pedicure.
  • To discuss the overall spa pedicure service, and how it can impact your spa business.

Introduction:

The pedicure is one of the most sought after services in the salon and spa environments today. This service is requested by younger teens, baby boomers, senior adults, the younger generation, women and men, and universally is a service that provides care of the feet, toes, and toenails. There are various types of general pedicures, depending upon the salon environment, the client's preferences (such as polish or no polish), and the pedicure services the cosmetologist or manicurist chooses to perform. Since the boom of the spas and spa-related services in the 1990s, there have been pedicures that have received "upgrades" with a luxury touch. The standard pedicure can be "upgraded" to a spa pedicure, and there are several factors that can give your spa pedicure a special signature to your technique and your salon or spa's identity. Ultimately, this course will entail the followings modules:

The Three (3) Modules are as follows:

Module I:    Definition of a Spa Pedicure: Standard Pedicure vs. The Spa Pedicure, and the Client Benefits of a Spa Pedicure

Module II:   Anatomy and Physiology

Module III:  Sanitation & Pre-Service Set Up

 

 

Course Completion Requirements:

After reading the three modules, there will be a test that will allow you to review, analyze and ascertain what you have learned in this course.  This test has 20 multiple choice questions, and you do not have to pass this test to complete this online/internet-based course.  However, you will be asked to complete each answer to the best of your ability.

MODULE I (10 Min. Total)

DEFINITION OF A SPA PEDICURE:

THE STANDARD PEDICURE vs. THE SPA PEDICURE,

AND THE CLIENT BENEFITS OF A SPA PEDICURE

•I.                  Definition of Spa Pedicure: The Standard Pedicure vs. The Spa Pedicure (7 min.)

  • A. The Standard Pedicure
  • 1. A pedicure performed by a licensed Manicurist or Cosmetologist (both to be identified in the course oftentimes as the "pedicurist") involves professional care of the feet, toes, and nails via cutting and shaping the toenails, polishing the toenails, and hand manipulations (i.e., foot massage) applied to the feet.
  • 2. Traditionally, a pedicure is performed with water, and this may be accompanied with a foot bath/basin (small open tub that holds water); or a whirlpool tub, better known as a "foot spa," that may produce vibrations, and whirlpool motions of water flow.
  • 3. The general procedures of a standard pedicure include:
  • a. Pre-service sanitation and set up
  • b. Soaking the feet
  • c. Caring for the toenails (i.e., trimming, filing, cuticle removal)
  • d. Skin service (i.e., sloughing and/or foot filing [with a State approved file or buffer])
  • e. Hand manipulation/foot massage
  • f. And polishing the toenails if the client chooses to have polish.
  • 4. The standard pedicure lasts between 20-30 minutes, and pricing rates may vary depending upon several factors including: expertise of the pedicurist; equipment used (such as the whirlpool foot spa); professional products used; U.S. geographic location of the salon/spa & local cost of living. Therefore, standard pedicure pricing can be estimated between $20.00 - $35.00.

 

  • B. The Spa Pedicure
  • 1. The spa pedicure is a more detailed pedicure experience that may take 45 -60 minutes. The spa pedicure may include "add-on" services and from a beauty education perspective, the spa pedicure is often referred to as the "full service pedicure."
  • 2. Add-on services that make a spa pedicure different from a standard pedicure include the following "spa factors":
  • a) Atmosphere
  • b) Aromatherapy
  • c) Time
  • d) Paraffin
  • e) Soaks, Scrubs, & Masks
  • f) Hand Manipulations for Foot Massage
  • g) Special Heel Treatments.

  • 3. Additionally, the cost of a spa pedicure is traditionally more than a standard pedicure and as mentioned before, the experience of the pedicurist; products used; geographic location & cost of living; and the time it takes to complete the spa pedicure service should be taken into consideration. Additionally, the type of facility may warrant higher prices for the spa pedicure (such as an exclusive spa with privacy for the client). Therefore, the spa pedicure pricing can be estimated between $40.00 - $65.00

•II.               Client Benefits of a Spa Pedicure (3 Min.)

  • A. A spa pedicure can be a very relaxing feeling for your client that boosts self esteem as well.
  • B. A spa pedicure can serve as a personal retreat for clients and can encourage a peaceful and relaxing atmosphere.
  • C. The client will also know that s/he is experiencing an "upper-level" service that's different from the norm. Oftentimes, when clients know that they are receiving something special, it makes them feel special as well.
  • D. The spa pedicure will also add to client benefits including - feeling pampered beyond the basic pedicure service; feeling relaxed; having very well cared for feet that [should be] more moisturized and exfoliated; and better overall grooming of the feet.
  • E. Ultimately, if your client is pleased, s/he will refer other persons to you for your pedicure service. Your spa pedicure client will take pride in informing the public about your signature service, and they too will "take ownership" in being a part of your growing pedicure client list. Ultimately, this will add to your client base and can boost your personal and/or salon business.

 

MODULE II (60 Min.)

ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY

•III.           Anatomy & Physiology (60 Min.)

(A & B  10 min. - Introduction, Cells, and Cell Growth)

  • A. In Milady's Standard Nail Technology (2004), there is a detailed description of anatomy, physiology, and skin disorders applicable to the body, nails, and feet. It is appropriate for the licensed pedicurist to be well aware of the body and various functions of the body. Although licensed cosmetologists and manicurists are not medical doctors, there is a level of professionalism and judgment that has to be made regarding the care of one's feet. If there is something visually seen on the feet and/or toenails that does not appear normal, the pedicurist has to make a decision upon whether or not to perform a service - and to recommend that their client visit a medical professional for further consultation. Ultimately, cells, tissues and organs are components of our bodies, and the following information highlights cells and cell growth and various tissues and organs as well. Therefore, a brief overview of anatomy and physiology may give you some insight upon how our bodies are made, and how they function. The beauty profession is a "touching profession" in which beauty professionals see, touch and feel clients via cosmetology, manicuring, pedicuring, and esthetics-related services. In turn, we get a first hand view of our clients' skin and visible discoveries may be helpful to your overall client's health.

  • B. Cells and Cell Growth - Cells are "the basic units of all living things" and the human body is made of cells which in turn produce tissues, organs, and various systems in which the body functions. Cells can grow and even reproduce and replace cells during their appropriate life cycle. However, if the body is not functioning properly, toxins in the body can impair the overall health of cells. Therefore, cells must have ". . . an adequate supply of food, oxygen, and water . . . eliminate waste products [and be] . . . maintained at the proper temperature."

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Diagram of a Cell
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  • C. Tissues (10 Min.)- Represent groups of cells "of the same kind" that come together and they include:

                                                          Human Connective Tissues Edit Text

 

Human Connective Tissues
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  • 1. Connective Tissues - Bind and support parts of the body such as: ligaments, cartilage, and fat tissues.

  • 2. Muscular Tissues - Helps the body movement as they allow the body to move, contract, and expand.

  • 3. Nerve Tissues - Nerve tissues are important because they help to coordinate the cognitive, affective, and psychomotor functions of the brain and of the body. They most importantly carry messages to the brain, which in turn signal the body's movement and overall function.

  • 4. Epithelial Tissue - This tissue is located all over the body as it usually represents a covering of various internal and external parts of the body such as: the skin, digestive organs, and various systems including the respiratory system. Cells of the epithelial tissue are also packed very closely together.

  • 5. Liquid Tissue - Transportation is a key word associated with liquid tissue, which involves carrying was products, and food by the blood and lymph and the lymphatic system.

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Role of Tissues
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  • D. Organs (10 Min.) - Cells help to create tissues, and tissues help to create organs. The structure of organs, in turn, helps the body in different ways to function. The primary organs of the body include:
  • 1. The Brain - The brain directs our sensory, motor, and learning skills and is enclosed in the skull. The brain is also a core of the central nervous system.

  • 2. The Heart - The heart is known for circulating the blood in the body, and it receives blood from the veins and pumps blood into the arteries. The heart is 5 inches long and 3 ½ inches wide.

  • 3. The Lungs - The lungs are known as respiratory organs and they ultimately supply oxygen to the blood.

  • 4. The Liver - The liver is the largest glad in the body and is known for secreting bile. The liver also aids in digestion as it removes toxic products to aid in the digestive process.

  • 5. The Kidneys - The kidneys are known for excretion as they excrete water and waste.

  • 6. The Stomach and Intestines - The stomach and intestines aid in the body's digestion of food.

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Body Organs
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  • E. Body Systems (10 Min.)- Cells help to create tissues, tissues help to create organs, and organs help to create what is known as our body systems. In order for the body to function, the body houses ten (10) systems that are crucial for our well being. These systems include:
  • 1. The Integumentary System - Comprised of the dermis and epidermis skin layers. This system is part of the largest organ of the body, the skin. It also has "sensory receptors" that aid us with the feeling and touching senses. Regarding our body temperature, this system regulates our body temperature - therefore, allowing us to feel hot, cold, warm, etc.

  • 2. The Skeletal System - This system consists of our bones, cartilages, our joints, and helps to support our overall bodies. Not only does this system serve as support to "hold up our bodies," it also helps to produce blood cells and stores minerals in our bodies.

  • 3. The Muscular System - Without the muscular system, we could not move our bodies. This system covers our skeletons, and along with the joints and cartilage allows us to have movement in our daily lives.

  • 4. The Nervous System - When we think of our sensory motor and psychomotor skills, we oftentimes think of the nervous system. The nervous system controls our responses, feelings, and works in concert with the brain and the spine.

  • 5. Circulatory System - Blood flow is important for our everyday bodily functions. The circulatory system is responsible for the supply of the blood. This system circulates blood and lymph, and works with blood, blood vessels, and lyphatics.

  • 6. Endocrine System - This system represents " . . . the glands and parts of glands that produce endocrine secretions, help to integrate and control bodily metabolic activity, and include especially the pituitary, thyroid, parathyroids, adrenals, islets of Langerhans, ovaries, and testes (U.S. Department of Health and Human Services."

  • 7. Excretory System - This system is responsible for waste elimination from the body via excretion. Examples of excretion include urine and sweat.

  • 8. Respiratory System - It is important for the body to receive oxygen, and the respiratory system allow the body to do so by respiration. The nose, nasal passages, larynx, and trachea are key components of the respiratory system.

  • 9. The Digestive System - Before food digests, it must ingest (be taken into the body); it then digests, and then performs absorption. The digestive system performs the aforementioned tasks and also, the cells use digested food in different parts of the body.

  • 10. The Reproductive System - This system allows humans to reproduce via sexual reproduction.

 

  • F. The Skeletal System (10 Min.): A more in-depth perspective:
  • a. This system is the framework of our bodies. It helps us to walk, move, holds our bodily organs, and is the foundation of our bodies from a physical perspective.
  • b. There are 206 bones that comprise our skeletal system.
  • c. Minerals are stored in this system including calcium, which aids in the overall health of the body.
  • d. Regarding our bone structure, osteocytes are bone cells that are connective tissues that are very hard.
  • e. Periosteum represents connective tissues that cover the bones, and these tissues have cells that help to repair the body.
  • f. Haversian canals are canals within the bone structure that aid in nutrition being received from arteries in the periosteum.
  • g. Marrow in the bones are essential for our bodies because it produces blood cells.
  • h. Cartilage is a substance that is a very tough flexible tissue. It is located at the end of joints and helps shape different parts of our bodies, such as your ears and nose. It also helps support your bones via providing a cushion and aiding the bones to not rub together.
  • i. A joint is where two or more bones meet together, and they are joined by ligaments. An example would be where the knee meets or the hip meets.
  • j. Ligaments [again] support bones and cartilages and they support organs as well.
  • k. The Spa Pedicure and Bones: Bones of the Leg and Foot
  • 1) Concerning the leg, the primary bones include the femur, the tibia, the fibula, and the patella. The femur is a long bone that connects the hip and the knee. The tibia is and fibula are located between the knee and the ankle and the tibia is the larger bone and the fibula is the smaller bone. The patella represents the knee cap and is located between the femur, tibia and fibula. Edit Text

 

Bones of the Foot
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  • 2) Concerning the ankles and feet: the talus, tarsal bones, metatarsal bones, and the phalanges collectively represent our ankle bone and bones of the feet. There are 26 bones in the foot and, three joints actually comprise our ankle, including the tibia and fibula, and the sole "ankle bone" known as the talus. The talus then joins the tarsal and metatarsal bones in which the seven (7) tarsal bones: are directly connected to the talus, and they include the: talus, calcaneous, navicular, three cuneiform bones, and the cuboid. The tarsal bones are then connected to the metatarsal bones; and the metatarsal bones are collected to the phalanges - which represent toes. There are also 14 bones in the phalanges portion of our feet.

  • G. Hand Manipulation, Massage, and Muscles in the Foot (10 Min.) - muscles in our feet and legs help to support everyday movements. Muscles cover our bones and they also shape the skeleton of the body as well. As a pedicurist, you need to be aware of the muscles in the feet and you should have a general understanding of the muscular system. Although the Pedicurist license is not the same as a Massage Therapist's license, there are still "hand manipulations" that can be implemented during the pedicuring procedure. Various types of hand manipulations will be further explored in the "Spa Factors" section of this course.

 The entire muscular system represents over 500 muscles, and the three types of muscular tissue includes:

  • a) striated muscles (voluntary movement, such as in the arms and legs);
  • b) non-striated muscles (involuntary movement, such as the stomach); and the
  • c) cardiac muscle (which is the heart muscle).
  • d) The foot also contains the primary muscles including the extensor digitorum brevis; the flexor digitorum brevis; and the abductor hallucis, and the abductor. Overall, these muscles aid in foot movement, toe movement, and they also assist with balance and our psychomotor skills.

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Muscles of the Feet
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MODULE III (45 Min.)

SANITATION AND PRE-SERVICE SET UP

IV:       Sanitation and Pre-Service Set Up (45 Min.)

(Sanitation, Contamination, Pathogens, Decontamination MSDS 25 Min.)

  • A. Sanitation is very important in a salon setting. State Boards and regulatory agencies are very stringent on making certain that professionals in the beauty industry use precaution in regard to cleanliness and sanitary salon and spa environments. It is an overall goal of making sure that there is control of contamination upon all levels in the salon setting.
  • B. Contamination- Ultimately, if something is soiled, tainted, or infected - it can be considered contaminated. Therefore, decontamination is imperative for a safe, healthy salon and concerning pedicures - it is important to make certain that foot baths and whirlpool tubs are decontaminated.
  • C. Pathogens - are disease-causing microorganisms that cause contamination. In order to control pathogens, surfaces (living or non-living) and implements must be decontaminated.
  • D. Three types of decontamination - There are three (3) types of decontamination which include sterilization, disinfection, and sanitation.
  • 1. Sterilization - This is the very highest level of decontamination, and it is mostly associated with hospital-grade decontamination. The sterilization process destroys all living organisms related to a surface or an object. However, the chemicals, products, and processes utilized in sterilization are not appropriate for salon settings. They are not appropriate because there are dangers involved and the chemicals could damage skin, the toenail plate, could cause harm to your eyes, and the like. Therefore, sterilization is [again] not appropriate for the salon and spa settings.
  • 2. Disinfection -
  • a. This process is the second highest level of decontamination, because it controls microorganisms that grow on various implements used in the salon setting such as: metal cuticle pushers and toenail clippers. These items are known as "non-living surfaces" and for a pedicure, they are utilized quite regularly. The chemical products used in disinfection often have strong chemical properties and need to be used safely. Therefore, you must follow safety rules documented by the manufacturer of the disinfectant product (further discussion regarding the manufacturer's Material Safety Data Sheet will follow [MSDS]).
  • b. In the salon setting, the disinfection: of bacteria, viruses, and fungus are crucial. Therefore, EPA registered, hospital-level disinfection is used to disinfect by killing bactericides, viricides, and fungicides. The EPA stands for the United States Environmental Protection Agency, and their primary mission is to: ". . . protect human health and the environment . . ." and to ". . . lead the nation's environmental science, research, education and assessment efforts." Concerning the spa pedicure, particularly in footbaths and whirlpool tubs, disinfection is key for the overall health and safety of the ultimate spa pedicure client, the pedicurist, the salon equipment and tools, and the salon overall.
  • 3. Sanitation - This is the lowest level of decontamination in the salon setting, however, it is still very important. Sanitation can help to reduce pathogens on living and non-living surfaces such as your hands (living) and your salon floor (non-living). If you are using an antiseptic on your hands, that is an example of sanitation. If you are washing your towels and linens, that is a form of sanitation (as long as the water temperature is appropriate according to State Board regulatory standards). If you are sweeping the floor, that is a form of sanitation. Therefore, sanitation is important as well and can oftentimes be associated with the daily cleaning routine of a salon.

  • E. The Importance of Material Safety Data Sheets, Blood Spills, and Foot Spa Sanitation
  • 1. Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS)
  • a. Material Safety Data Sheets are required by the U.S. Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA), and the following information should be included, which highlights the product, the contents, or the product, and how the product should be handled in the workplace setting (direct exert from OSHA):
  • § Identification
  • § Hazard(s) identification
  • § Composition/information on ingredients
  • § First-aid measures
  • § Fire-fighting measures
  • § Accidental release measures
  • § Handling and storage
  • § Exposure controls/personal protection
  • § Physical and chemical properties
  • § Stability and reactivity
  • § Toxicological information
  • § Ecological information
  • § Disposal considerations
  • § Transport information
  • § Regulatory information
  • § Other information

  • b. Salons and Spas should also create a MSDS book, which includes a listing of all disinfectants and salon-based products that require an MSDS. This book will serve as a central resource, in which all employees and/or independent contractors can have access. It is also appropriate for all persons working at a salon or spa to review and discuss the MSDS book as well. This can help with preventative measures regarding accidents that can happen with various chemical products.

(Blood Spills Procedure and Foot Spa Sanitation 20 Min.)

  • 2. Blood Spills - There may be an instance where a blood spill may occur within the salon setting. With spa pedicures, the spill may occur from a filing technique on the toe nails, or from a cuticle procedure that might cut the cuticle. According the National Interstate Council of State Boards of Cosmetology, there is an "NIC Health and Safety Standards Blood Spill Procedure", and below is a copy of their official handout which is available at www.nictesting.org/testing.htm (revised 01/07):

NIC HEALTH AND SAFETY STANDARDS BLOOD SPILL PROCEDURE

If a blood spill should occur, the following steps MUST be followed:

  • SUPPLY INJURED PARTY WITH LIQUID STYPTIC/ANTISEPTIC AND THE APPROPRIATE DRESSING TO COVER THE INJURY.
  • DOUBLE BAG ALL BLOOD-SOILED (CONTAMINATED) ARTICLES AND LABEL WITH RED OR ORANGE BIOHAZARD WARNING.  This is the responsibility of the candidate and should be executed as follows:

PEDICURIST'S INJURY -

•1.      PROTECTION - If a cut is sustained, stop the service and clean the injured area.

•2.      APPLY antiseptic and/or liquid or spray styptic as appropriate (see NOTE).

•3.      DRESSING - cover the injury with the appropriate dressing.

•4.      COVER injured area with finger guard or glove as appropriate.

•5.      CLEAN model/client and station as appropriate.

•6.      DOUBLE BAG and dispose of all contaminated objects.  Clean hands with antimicrobial cleanser.

•7.      RETURN to service.

CLIENT INJURY -

•1.      STOP service.

•2.      GLOVE hands of candidate/student/licensee.

•3.      CLEAN injured area as appropriate.

•4.      APPLY antiseptic and/or liquid or spray styptic as appropriate (see NOTE).

•5.      COVER the injury with the appropriate dressing to prevent further blood exposure.

•6.      DOUBLE BAG and dispose of all contaminated objects.  Clean hands with antimicrobial cleanser.

•7.      RETURN to service.

EXAMINATIONS:

  • EXAMINER IS TO USE UNUSED DISPOSABLE LATEX GLOVES OR NON-ALLERGENIC EQUIVALENT WHEN CHECKING THAT CANDIDATE'S SERVICE. DOUBLE BAG AND DISPOSE USED GLOVES.
  • FOLLOW WITH ANTIMICROBIAL SCRUB ON HANDS.
  • DOCUMENT INCIDENT IN BLOOD SPILL LOG.

NOTE:            DO NOT ALLOW CONTAINERS, BRUSHES, NOZZLES OR LIQUID STYPTIC TO TOUCH THE SKIN OR CONTACT THE WOUND.  USE AN APPLICATOR.  EXAMINERS SHOULD ALSO COMPLETE AN INCIDENT REPORT.

WET DISINFECTION STANDARD

           

1 All tools and implements, EXCEPT THOSE THAT HAVE COME IN CONTACT WITH BLOOD OR BODY FLUIDS must be disinfected, at minimum, by complete immersion in an EPA registered, bactericidal, virucidal, fungicidal, and   pseudomonacidal (Formulated for Hospitals) disinfectant that is mixed and used according to the manufacturer's directions.

2 All tools and implements WHICH HAVE COME IN CONTACT WITH BLOOD OR BODY FLUIDS must be disinfected, at  minimum, by complete immersion in an

EPA registered disinfectant that is effective against HIV-1 and human Hepatitis B Virus

or Tuberculocidal that is mixed and used according to the manufacturer's directions.

DRY STORAGE STANDARD

Disinfected implements must be stored in a disinfected, dry, covered container and be isolated from contaminants.

HAND WASHING

(Anti-Bacterial Soap is recommended)

Thoroughly wash hands and the exposed portions of arms with antibacterial soap and water before providing services to each client and after smoking, drinking, eating, and using the restroom.

  • 3. FootSpa Sanitation - Footspas are used widely in the pedicuring process; however, there are rules and regulations that must follow to maintain proper disinfection and safety. This Online Course is for licensees in Ohio-  and below, is a sample footspa sanitation procedure, according to the North Carolina State Board of Cosmetic Art Examiners. Please follow the Ohio State Board sanitation rules.  The information below is for reference purposes only.

21 NCAC 14H .0120          FOOTSPA SANITATION

Manicurists and Cosmetologists shall use the following disinfection procedures to ensure proper cleaning and maintenance of any foot spa equipment and to prevent bacterial infection:

  • Between each customer a manicurist or cosmetologist shall:
  • (1) drain all water and remove all debris from the foot spa;
  • (2) clean and scrub the surfaces and walls of the foot spas with a scrub-brush and soap or detergent and rinse with clean, clear water; and
  • (3) disinfect with an EPA registered, hospital/pseudomonacidal (bactericidal, virucidal, and fungicidal) and tuberculocidal disinfectant, used according to the manufacturer's instructions.
  • At the end of the day a manicurist or cosmetologist shall:
  • (1) remove the screen. All debris trapped behind the screen of each foot spa shall be removed, and the screen and the inlet shall be washed with soap or detergent and water;
  • (2) before replacing the screen wash the screen with a chlorine bleach solution of one part bleach to 10 parts water, or totally immerse the screen in an EPA registered disinfectant;
  • (3) fill the foot spa tub with five gallons of water and four cups of five per cent bleach solution; or
  • (4) disinfect with an EPA registered, hospital/pseudomonacidal (bactericidal, virucidal, and fungicidal) and tuberculocidal disinfectant, used according to the manufacturer's instructions;
  • (5) circulate the solution through the foot spa system for no less than 10 minutes;
  • (6) let the solution sit overnight (at least six hours);
  • (7) drain and flush the system the following morning; and
  • (8) make a record of the date/time of this cleaning and disinfecting, on a form provided by the Board. The record for the last 90 days shall be accessible upon client or Board inspector request.

•F.     Spa Pedicure Equipment, Supplies, and Set Up Needed (20 Min.):

According to Mix (2004), the pedicure set up is similar to the manicure set up, whereas you need proper nail technology tools and implements.  Ultimately, you will need (1) pedicure supplies, (2) equipment & tools, (3) implements, (4) materials, and (5) cosmetics.

Pedicure Supplies:

Pedicure supplies include:

  • Pedicuring Station - the station includes furniture items that will make the client and the pedicurist comfortable during the spa pedicure process. The station will have to include:
  • A chair and footrest for the client, in which (1) the chair should have proper armrests, and (2) the footrest should allow the client to prop her/his feet during the spa pedicure. The footrest should also be covered with a clean towel, for sanitary purposes. This towel will allow protection between the clients' feet and the surface of the footrest during the spa pedicure. Some pedicuring stations are "all in one" where the chair, pedicuring footbath, and the foot rest are built in together.
  • A chair or low stool for the pedicurist is also required. There are manufactures of pedicure furniture that can include the low stool/chair and footrest within the same unit.
  • Foot Spa - A foot bath/basin, whirlpool tub, or foot spa is needed to provide the spa pedicure service. For the remainder of this course, the items that will hold water during the spa pedicure service will now be referred to as a "foot spa." The foot spa has to be used with warm water and a liquid soap solution for the client's foot soak. Additionally, the foot spa must have enough depth to cover the client's feet with water.
  • Foot file for removing dry skin - Depending upon the State Board of Cosmetology, you have to use the board-approved foot file for removing callus growth on the feet. This foot file may be an abrasive sanding file that is similar to a nail file with a grit surface, or it may be a metal file that can be disinfected after pedicure uses. Please follow your State Cosmetology Board rule for the use of callus shavers (many States do not allow the use of callus shavers).
  • Toenail clippers - Make certain that your toenail clippers are disinfected between each pedicure use. It is also good to have two or more toenails clippers, along with other metal implements that can be sanitized and disinfected ahead of time. This will help with you with not only sanitation, but will prove valuable for your time as you can have disinfected implements readily available for your next spa pedicure.
  • Anticeptic foot spray - This is appropriate for sanitation and the client and pedicurist's safety. This spray should be a commercial product manufactured that documents that it is "antifungal" and is also a mild antiseptic.
  • Liquid Soap - As mentioned previously, the foot spa has to be used with warm water and a liquid soap solution for the client's foot soak. There should also be some type of antifungal solution in the liquid soap/foot soak, which will serve a purpose of reducing bacteria (antibacterial). There are also professional line foot soaks, that aid in loosening up the callus build up on the feet as well. (Liquid Soap is also mentioned in the "cosmetics" section below.)
  • Foot creams for hand manipulation & foot massage and powders for keeping feet dry after the spa pedicure service are also recommended. However, added products for the ultimate spa pedicure will be explained further in "The Spa Factors" section of this course. (Foot creams and powders are also mentioned in the "cosmetics" section below.)
  • Lastly, pedicure slippers are recommended, especially if the spa pedicure client would like to let polish dry. If your client does not have open toe shoes, these slippers are ideal and they give your client a feeling that you are being considerate of their needs - and that you provide a "classy pedicure experience" from the beginning to the end.

The following items below are required for the pedicure set up, and the "spa factor" add-on service equipment, implements, and materials will be discussed further in the course.

Equipment/Tools

Manicure Table with Adjustable Lamp (will be used to accompany the ultimate spa pedicure)

Disinfection Container

Client's Foot Cushion

*Paraffin Warmer

Sanitized Work Container

Supply Tray

Electric Pedicure Nail Dryer

*Denotes spa factor/spa add-on item

Implements (must be discarded after use or properly sanitized after use):

Orangewood Stick

Toenail clipper (repeated for instructional purposes)

Steel Pusher

Metal Nail File (if applicable)

Nail Brush

Emery Board

Cuticle Nipper

Materials (usable one [1] time only):

Disposable towels or cloth towels

Cotton Balls/Cotton Pads

Plastic Spatulas

Plastic Bags

*Paraffin Wax

Trash Containers

Safety Kit

*Denotes spa factor/spa add-on item

  • G. Cosmetics & Additional Supplies Used for the Spa Pedicure

In order to beautify the toenails and moisturize the feet, various "nail cosmetics" will be needed.  It is also important to note that your clients may have allergies, and you definitely want to make sure that you know the contents, how to use, and apply the nail cosmetics. These items include:

*Foot Soak

Polish Remover

Cuticle Cream

Cuticle Oil

Cuticle Solvent and/or Cuticle Remover

Nail Bleach

Nail Whitener

Nail Polish

Base Coat

Top Coat/Sealer

Nail Hardener

Nail Dry (liquid and/or aerosol)

Foot Cream and/or Lotion

*Aromatherapy Essential Oils

*Heel Treatment

*Foot Massage Oil

*Foot Scrubs

*Foot Mask

*Denotes spa factor/spa add-on item

  • H. Pedicure Table Set Up
  1. The table must be cleaned with a State Board-approved sanitizer. This table can be a formal manicure table, or it can be the top [table of a pedicure cart as well.
  2. Wrap clients pedicure cushion with a clean towel, or place clean towel on top of cushion.
  3. Disinfection container - After washing and drying your metal implements, you must soak them in an approved State Board disinfectant at least 20 minutes before your first pedicure. 
  4. All cosmetics (excluding polish) should be placed behind the disinfection container.
  5. Emery boards should be place on the right side of the table (if left-handed, on the left).
  6. Nail brush.
  7. Plastic disposable/trash bag - attached to the side of the table on the right side if right-handed and the left side if left-handed.
  8. Note: *The nail drawer can be used for storage of nail cosmetics, materials, implements, and equipment. However, there can be no un-sanitized or non-disinfected materials in the drawer.
  9. Note: If the pedicurist has a custom pedicure caddy or cart, s/he can use the cart to house the same tools, supplies, and implements. The cart set up should include the same sanitation rules as a manicuring table.

 END OF COURSE. Please scroll down below where you can take your end-of-course exam.

 

 CITATIONS USED

Bardley, C. (1999). Secrets of the Spas: Lotions, Potions, Oils, Rubs, Wraps, Scrubs, Masks, and Cuisine. Black Dog & Leventhal Publishers, Inc. New York, NY. 

Bloodborne Pathogens (2005). American Safety and Health Institute. Holiday, FL.

Cunningham, J. (2004). Aromatherapy, Chapter 13 in - Milady's Standard Nail Technology. Delmar Learning. Clifton Park, NY.

Mix, G. (2004). Anatomy and Physiology, Chapter 6 in - Milady's Standard Nail Technology. Delmar Learning. Clifton Park, NY.

Mix, G. (2004). The Nail and its Disorders, Chapter 7 in - Milady's Standard Nail Technology. Delmar Learning. Clifton Park, NY.

Mix, L. (2004). Pedicuring Chapter 11 in - Milady's Standard Nail Technology. Delmar Learning. Clifton Park, NY.

Moran, R. (2004). Sanitation and Disinfection, Chapter 3 in - Milady's Standard Nail Technology. Delmar Learning. Clifton Park, NY.

Moran, R. (2004). Safety in the Salon, Chapter 4 in - Milady's Standard Nail Technology. Delmar Learning. Clifton Park, NY.

NIC Health and Safety Blood Spill Procedure (2002). National Interstate Council of State Boards of Cosmetology. Little Rock, AR.

The Ohio State Board of Cosmetology (2009). Grove City, Ohio.

Schultes, S. (2004). Editor, Milady's Standard Nail Technology. Delmar Learning. Clifton Park, NY.

WEB CITATIONS USED

http://www.aromaweb.com/

http://www.ashinstitute.org/

http://www.cartage.org.lb/

http://www.comcast.net/

http://www.eoearth.org/

http://www.epa.gov/

http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/mplusdictionary.html

http://www.nccosmeticarts.com/

www.nictesting.org/testing.htm

http://osha.gov/

http://www.sciencehelpdesk.com/

http://www.southwest-ortho.com/

http://www.universe-review.ca/

 

END OF COURSE EXAM

  • There is no passing grade for this 2-hr. Online course. However, the course curriculum must be read and there are three Modules (I-III) included in the course readings.  You also are required to take the end of course exam, and each question should be answered to receive a course completion certificate. Please answer each question to the best of your ability. Upon completion, you may submit your exam online by using the "Submit Exam" button. After you submit your online exam, we should receive your exam.  If you submit your exam before 7:00 p.m. EST, we will email your exam results and certificates the same business day.  If you submit your exam after 7:00 p.m. EST, we will email your results and certificate the next business day.
  • This exam has a total of 20 multiple choice questions that derive from all course Modules (I-III). Please read and choose one answer that best fits the question. When you answer the questions, just click the "drop down button" and select your chosen answer by selecting "True" or "False".
  • Please make sure you include your name, contact phone number, email address, your License type, and License number (on the form) at the beginning of your end-of-course exam. Edit Text

END OF COURSE EXAM - Please answer each question below, and please submit your contact information at the beginning of your exam(contact information must be included for exam submittal). Thank you.

PLEASE ENTER YOUR CONTACT AND LICENSURE INFORMATION BELOW. WE WILL NOT BE ABLE TO IDENTIFY YOUR EXAM UNLESS WE HAVE YOUR INFORMATION.

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1. A pedicure performed by a licensed Manicurist or Cosmetologist involves professional care of the feet, toes, and nails. 

  2. The general procedures of a standard pedicure include hand manipulation/foot massage.
3. If your client is pleased with the spa pedicure, s/he will probably not refer other persons to you for your pedicure services.  
4. Sanitation is not a form of decontamination.
5. Disinfection is the second highest level of decontamination, because it controls microorganisms that grow on various implements used in the salon setting such as: metal cuticle pushers and toenail clippers.
6. Material Safety Data Sheets are required by OSHA, which stands for the U.S. Occupational Sanitation and Health Administration.
7. The Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS) should include items such as Toxicological information, Ecological information and Disposal considerations.
8. If a blood spill should occur, the first step includes supplying the injured party with liquid styptic/antiseptic and the appropriate dressing to cover the injury.
9. Regarding sanitation, you should thoroughly wash your hands and the exposed portions of your arms with antibacterial soap and water before providing services to each client and after smoking, drinking, eating, and using the restroom.
10. If using a foot spa, after performing each pedicure, you need to drain all water and remove all debris from the foot spa; clean and scrub the surfaces and walls of the foot spas with a scrub-brush and soap or detergent and rinse with clean, clear water; and disinfect with an EPA registered, hospital/pseudomonacidal and tuberculocidal disinfectant, according to the manufacturer's instructions.
11. There are 28 bones in the foot and, three joints actually comprise our ankle, including the tibia and fibula, and the sole "ankle bone" known as the callus.
12. There are 206 bones that comprise our skeletal system.
13. Cartilage is a substance that is a very soft tissue. It is too soft to help joints connect.
14. The system that system controls our responses, feelings, and works in concert with the brain and the spine is the Muscular System.
15. The largest organ of the body is the skin, which is a part of the Integumentary System.
16. The Excretory System is responsible for excreting sweat and urine.
17. On average, a standard pedicure lasts between 45-60 minutes and a spa pedicure lasts approximately 30 minutes.
18. Before performing the spa pedicure, you must sanitize your manicuring and/or pedicure cart/table with a State Board-approved sanitizer.
19. The Environmental Protection Agency is a private, non-Federally regulated agency.
20. Salons and spas must have an approved ventilation system.
21. The Environmental Protection Agency is a private, non-federally regulated agency.
22. Before the spa pedicure, a health record form should be used during the consultation, where you should ask about any health-related issues including [but not limited to] - diabetes, skin conditions, medications, pregnancy, recent surgeries, and smoking history.
23. Before clipping your client's toenails, make sure your nails clippers have been disinfected, and do not cut directly into the corners of your client's toenails.
24. You do not have to use a State Board-approved foot file when performing a spa pedicure. Whether a metal file, callus shaver, or sanding file - you do not have to make sure that you are in compliance with Board regulations.
25. It usually takes a long time for cuticle solvent to work; therefore you can allow cuticle solvent to "sit and dissolve" on your client's cuticles for 15-20 minutes during the spa pedicure.
26. Scrubs used in the spa pedicure usually don't have exfoliants and hydrants combined.
27.  A mask can aid in various treatments for the feet with contents including - vitamins, amino acids, minerals, nutrients, sea extracts, and alpha hydroxy acids.
28. Paraffin wax is heated with a paraffin wax heater, and the wax should be heated from 125-130 degrees F.
29.  Various spa pedicure heel treatments may come in a cream or oil-based form.
30. Cosmetologists, Manicurists, and Massage Therapists can work under the exact same rules for massage and hand manipulation.
31. A spa pedicure foot soak may have essential oils already incorporated in the solution, such as sandalwood or tea tree oil.
32. When using hand manipulation, you can perform effleurage, which includes stroking movements that can be hard or light.
33. Effleurage can also be considered as "kneading."
34. A massage technique where stimulation and increase of circulation is involved, via tapping and percussion-like movements is called tapotement.
35. Throughout the spa pedicure process, it is important that you accommodate your client with care and professionalism, and make sure s/he is comfortable.
36. During the spa pedicure post service, it is not wise to ask your client when they would like to make another appointment for their spa pedicure. This would make your client feel as if you were too eager to service them again.
37. During the spa pedicure post-service, make sure that your disposable items, such as cotton balls, orangewood sticks, plastic spatulas are thrown away. 
38. You can customize your "ultimate spa pedicure" to your specifications. You don't have to perform the mask, scrub, and paraffin in one pedicure setting - you may want to only perform either the mask or paraffin as a pedicure option.
39. A spa pedicure can be a very relaxing feeling for your client that boosts self esteem as well.
40. You do not need a lot of money to promote a relaxing atmosphere for the ultimate spa pedicure. With the addition of soft music, a beverage, and a magazine - you can make your client feel as if they are receiving an "upscale service."

END OF EXAM.

You may now submit your exam by clicking the "Submit" button (below left). Upon payment confirmation and receiving your exam, your test results and course completion certificate and exam results will be emailed to you the same business day. If your test is submitted after 7:00 p.m. EST, you should receive your emailed results and course completion certificate within one business day. (within 24 hrs.). Please make sure you have included your name, license type, State where licensed, license number, email address, and phone number with the submittal of your exam. Thank you for choosing The Salon Spa Training Institute as your Continuing Education Course Provider!